Archives: Glossary

Debossing

A process for producing depressed or sunken designs on paper or similar substrates. This is done...

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debossing

A process for producing depressed or sunken designs on paper or similar substrates. This is done through a stamping process where a metal die is pressed into the substrate, forming a specified shape. This is commonly used as an...

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deckle edge

Irregular, ragged edge on hand-made papers or the outside edges of machine-made paper when specifically designed to be ragged. This is used as a design feature on some hardback books, especially when communicating...

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decorative face

Also called decorative font. A very distinctive typeface, occasionally including pictures of objects or animals in addition to text. Decorative faces are mostly used in advertising to help express a message, theme or feeling...

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depth by focus

Also called focal depth and sometimes incorrectly called Depth of Field (DOF). Things which are near are sharp. Things that are far are a bit blurry. In photography, this can be emphasized intentionally with only the center of...

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depth by lateral movement

This is the perception of depth by lateral (meaning from side to side) movement. This is most common when an observer is on a moving object (such as a train), wherein objects that are close move by quickly and objects that are...

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depth by light

This is simply the perception of depth created by light. Any shaded image has this, with highlights indicating surfaces that are closer to or facing the light source in the scene. In ambient lighting conditions, where the scene...

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depth by light as shadow

This is the perception of depth created by light as shadows. This is the opposite side of the coin to light and is evident in any shaded image. Those areas which are facing away from the light source are drawn in with...

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depth by linear perspective

This is the perception of depth created by parallel lines converging to a point in the distance. This is often referred to as simply “perspective” in art. All but cubic art uses this form of...

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depth by solidity

Solidity of shapes is another form of depth perspective. Shapes which are closer to the observer are more solid and become less solid as they become more distant from the...

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depth of field (DOF)

In optics, particularly photograph and film, the depth of field is the portion of a scene that appears sharp in the image. Although a lens can precisely focus at only one distance, the decrease in sharpness is gradual on each...

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descender

That portion of a character which goes below the baseline, such as the vertical line at the bottom of a lower case “q” or the loop at the bottom of a “g”. Characters that usually have descenders include...

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design

1. A design refers to anything which has been designed—this can range from a website, a flier, catalogue, book cover, poster, piece of furniture, etc. When referred to this way one is speaking about the artful composition...

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die

A specialized tool used in manufacturing to cut or shape material using a press. Like molds and stencils, dies are generally customized to the item they are used to create. In graphic design, a die most commonly refers to the...

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display face

Also called display font. In the days of metal type, Display Face referred to fonts which were 14pt or larger. With the advent of computers—where any font could be set at 14pt or larger—Display Face refers...

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document profile

This is a profile that defines the specific RGB or CMYK color space of a document. By assigning, or tagging, a document with a profile, the application provides a definition of actual color appearances in the document. For...

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down-res

Also called downsampling. To decrease the resolution of a file using an image editing program such as Photoshop. Because the number of pixels available to show an image is proportional to its quality, when you down-res an image...

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DPI

A term meaning Dots Per Inch. This represents the total number of dots in the horizontal and vertical directions that a printer puts onto paper (or the printing substrate). The DPI measurement of a printer often needs to be...

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dust jacket

Also called book jacket, dust wrapper or dust cover. The detachable outer cover of a book, usually made of paper and printed with text and illustrations. This outer cover has folded flaps that hold it to the front and back book...

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